***253′,’1′,’2011-08-06 08:56:30′,’2011-08-06 08:56:30′,’
Another thing I am curious about is the Hirschfeld’s Institute articles that Karl Geise reportedly managed to keep from being destructed by the first Nazi raid:
International Sexual Reform and
Sexology in Europe, 1897-1933
The morning of May 6, 1933 represented a turning point both for Hirschfeld’s Institute and for the international Sexology and Sexual Reform movement. A description of the tragic events that brought an end
to all the hard work, careful organizing, and reform efforts in which so many had been engaged can be found in The Brown Book of Hitler Terror:
At 9:30 am some lorries drew up in front of the Institute with about one hundred students and a brass band….They took whatever they thought was not completely unobjectionable, working for the most part on the basis of the so-called “black list”.…They then removed from the archives large charts dealing
with intersexual cases, which had been prepared for the Int’l Medical Congress held at the Kensington Museum in London in 1913….They also wanted to take away several thousand questionnaires which were among the records, but desisted when they were assured that these were simply medical histories….
The staff was kept under observation during the whole of the proceedings, and the band played throughout, so that a large crowd of inquisitive people gathered outside. At 12 o’clock the leader made a long speech, and then the gang left, singing a particularly vulgar song and also the Horst-Wessel song.73
Later that afternoon a second group returned to finish taking the patient records. In total the groups destroyed 20,000 volumes, 35,000 photographs, 40,000 confessionals and biographical letters, and many unique objects.
[That is an enormous amount and depth of information! What a loss…]
Levy-Lenz, who worked at the Institute, suggested that in addition to the anti-Semitism and homophobia clearly at play, there was the fear that the Institute “knew too much” about party officials.74 Hirschfeld learned of the
news in a Paris theatre newsreel, where he saw most of his incredible life’s work being thrown into a fire on Opera Square in Berlin, including a bust of his head, which had been given to him on his 60th birthday.
Hirschfeld tried to recover as many of the treasures as he could; his partner and assistant, Karl Geise, had managed to get many of the important articles out before the raid.75 (75- Wolff, Charlotte, M.D., Magnus Hirschfeld: A Potrait of a Pioneer, p. 376.)
Many more were subsequently available for purchase through auction after having been seized by the
government, but since the Tax Collection Department took away the Institute’s agency status and was claiming more than 10,000 Reichsmark in retro-active corporation and sales tax,76 there was no money to consider
the possibility of buying back the stolen goods. Hirschfeld was trying to rebuild the institute in Paris when he died of complications from malaria and diabetes in 1935. Three staff members had remained at the
Institute until as near its closing as possible; Arthur Kronfeld, Karl Giese and Felix Abraham, all of whom committed suicide in exile as it became clear that they would be unable to escape the Nazis.77
So, what happened to the articles that they managed to safeguard before the raid? How many were there?
‘,’A question about some Hirschfeld’s Institute articles in the Nazi era’,’0′,”,’publish’,’open’,’closed’,”,’p253′,”,”,’2011-08-06 08:56:30′,’2011-08-06 08:56:30′,”,’0′,’http://socimages.blogsome.com/2011/08/06/p253/’,’0′)